European Socio-economic Groups (ESeG)

The ESeG classification (European Socio-economic Groups) is the result of a work conducted by Insee at Eurostat’s request from 2011 to 2014. This nomenclature was developed by statisticians from France, Hungary, Italy and the Czech Republic, based on work carried out since the 1990s. Indeed, the ESEC proposal (European Socio-economic Classification) and the discussions it gave rise to were taken into account. Many researchers participated and greatly helped building this new tool, which contributes to the harmonization of European social statistics and their measuring tools. The aim is to better measure and compare social phenomena and trends across Europe using harmonized categories of social stratification.

Illustrative studies and tests: description of project and groups (Monique Meron), employment (Michel Amar, François Gleizes & Monique Meron), housing (Fanny Bugeja-Bloch), income poverty and material deprivation (Michel Amar & François Gleizes), homogamy (Milan Bouchet-Valat), living conditions (Frédéric Lebaron), working conditions (Charline Babet), and applications to Finland (Aila Äyväri), Hungary (Márta Záhonyi & Ákos Huszár), Slovakia (Ľudmila Ivančíková & Róbert Vlačuha) and Spain (Miguel Ángel García-Martínez).

Final report to Eurostat

All 16 studies by the working group : employment qualification (Francesca Gallo), public/private sectors (Cédric Hugrée, Étienne Penissat & Alexis Spire), gender (Thomas Amossé & Monique Meron), employment characteristics (Thomas Denoyelle), employment characteristics and living conditions (Michel Amar & François Gleizes), education, social mobility and cultural participation (Jiří Šafr), earnings (Dalibor Holý & Jitka Erhartová), education, working and employment conditions (Marta Zahonyi & Ákos Huszár), working conditions (Charline Babet), homogamy (Milan Bouchet-Valat), housing (Fanny Bugeja-Bloch), living conditions (Frédéric Lebaron), intergenerational transmission of disadvantage (Louis-André Vallet), overview (Michel Amar, François Gleizes & Monique Meron).

Technical appendix, including SAS code to compute ESeG in EU-LFS and EU-SILC surveys

Meeting reports

Level 1 (aggregated) :

  1. Managers
  2. Professionals
  3. Technicians and associated professionals employees
  4. Small entrepreneurs (self-employed)
  5. Clerks and skilled service employees
  6. Industrial skilled employees
  7. Less skilled employees

See the final report (p. 4) for details about level 2 (30 categories for the active).